Community Bridges

What You Need to Know about Traumatic Brain Injury

Date posted: January 6, 2014

March is Brain Injury Awareness month, and the perfect time to consider a few facts about the impact of a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). What is a TBI? Generally, it’s a blow, jolt or bump to the head, or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain.

TBIs can happen in a variety of ways:

  • 35% are caused by falls
  • 17% are caused by car crashes
  • 16% are the result of workplace accidents
  • 10 % are caused by assaults
  • 21% are due to other causes

While the majority of TBIs that occur each year (75%) are concussions or other mild forms of TBI, there can be serious neurological consequences to TBIs, causing both short- and long-term functional deficits in areas such as:

  • thinking (memory and reasoning)
  • sensation (taste, touch and smell)
  • language and communication (expression and understanding)
  • emotions (personality changes, depression, anxiety, and inhibition)

Often the TBI survivor does not have a full awareness of their own deficits, which can make treatment difficult. Some of these effects may subside over time in mild TBIs, but for many people who survive their initial injury, the on-going, chronic effects can be significantly life-altering and cause permanent disability. Just as no two people are alike, no two brain injuries are alike.

It is imperative that individuals who sustain a brain injury have timely access to quality care. This includes expert trauma response, rehabilitative services, and in some cases on-going therapies and individualized direct support services. Support and guidance for families who are supporting a loved one who has sustained a brain injury is essential as well.

Community Bridges honors the thousands of people living with a brain injury in NH, who, with appropriate care and support, can live full and meaningful lives in their home communities. Our goal is to be a source of information and support for individuals and families living in our region. Please take a minute to increase your understanding of Traumatic Brain Injury. You can learn more at or

As the Brain injury Association of America notes:


Community Bridges is a non-profit agency serving the communities of central New Hampshire. Disability is a natural part of the human experience and may occur as a result of developmental impairments, injury, or aging. We advance the integration, growth, and interdependence of people with disabilities in their home communities in ways that promote their ability to have positive control over the lives they have chosen for themselves.